A groin pull is an injury to the muscles of the inner thigh. The groin muscles, called the “adductor muscle” group, consists of six muscles that span the distance from the inner pelvis to the inner part of the femur (thigh bone). Groin pulls are minor tears of some muscle fibers, but the bulk of the muscle tissue remains intact. The most common cause of groin pain is a muscle strain that causes localized pain in the inner thigh, or groin.
There are 3 known levels of groin strains. One is that of mild discomfort, often with no disability and that usually does not limit activity. The second one is that of moderate discomfort, that can limit the ability to perform activities such as running and jumping and may have moderate swelling and bruising associated. Finally the third level is that of severe injury that can cause pain with walking. Often patients here complain of muscle spasm, swelling, and significant bruising.
Groin pulls are often seen in athletics who participate in sports such as ice hockey and soccer. The injury appears to be related to factors including hip muscle strength, preseason conditioning, and previous injury. Because of this, proper conditioning is of utmost importance to prevent the occurrence of a groin strain injury. Besides Groin Injury, there is the chance of having the symptoms of sports hernia, which sometimes are confused with groin pulls or strains. A dull aching pain that intensifies with exercise may be the only symptom of an sports hernia. An inguinal hernia, however, typically creates a bulging protrusion in the lower abdomen
or upper groin that is hard to miss.
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