Muscle Strain

Muscle strain or muscle pull or even a muscle tear implies damage to a muscle or its attaching tendons. Muscle damage can be in the form of tearing (part or all) of the muscle fibers and the tendons attached to the muscle. The tearing of the muscle can also damage small blood vessels, causing local bleeding (bruising) and pain (caused by irritation of the nerve endings in the area).

You can tell that you have muscle strain when feeling pain on the rest and use of the muscle, of course. But there are other symptoms, such as swelling, bruising, redness, weakness of the tendons and finally inability to use the muscle, that should mean that you have a third degree muscle strain. Strains are a result of muscular-fibre tears due to overstretching. They can happen while doing everyday tasks and are not restricted to athletes. Nevertheless, people who play sports are more at risk of developing a strain due to increased muscle use.

It is recommended that the person injured should consult a medical provider if the injury is accompanied by severe pain, if the limb cannot be used, or if there is noticeable tenderness over an isolated spot. These can be signs of a broken or fractured bone, a sprain, or a complete muscle tear. But if you only suffer from minor muscle strain, there are some methods for reducing the pain and helping the healing process of the muscle. The most widely known treatment is called R.I.C.E. and it means Rest – that is, stopping of all motion – Ice, or application of ice to the affected area – and never for more that 10 to 15 minutes – then, Compression, or the wrapping of the strained area, and finally Elevation which means to keep the strained area in a position that allows blood flow, so the repairing of the muscle takes less time.

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